Types of Stone Finishes

Along with the cut and color, stone finishes determine the aesthetics and maintenance needs of natural stone countertops, floors, and surfaces. Polishing and honing have long been the most popular stone finishes, but a variety of textures can be created. 

If you don’t love the finish on your countertops or floors, you can always opt for stone restoration to provide a makeover with a different honed or polished effect.

Polished

The most popular choice for kitchen countertops and many other areas, polished stone produces a glossy surface. Different techniques can produce a medium gloss or a high-gloss, with more or less of a reflective mirror effect. Polishing helps bring out the bold colors of natural stone.

Polished stone resists stains and other damage better than other finishes. It is not impervious, but it is easier to clean. Granite and other stones need to be re-polished once in a while. Regular sealing helps protect the finish.

Honed

Honing stone produces a smooth, matte finish and somewhat muted colors, without the gloss. Although the honed finish leaves the stone more porous on the surface than highly polished stone, it is very low maintenance. Sealant can be applied to protect the stone without altering the matte finish.

We can restore granite, marble, or other honed stone if it becomes stained, etched, or otherwise damaged. Diamond grinders are run over the stone to reproduce a smooth stone finish without the imperfections. 

Brushed or Leathered

These stone finishes have become popular alternatives to honing. Brushed stone has been literally brushed to a finish that is matte but smooth, with more texture than honed stone. Leathered finish stone uses brushing to produce a surface with a visual and tactile effect similar to actual leather. These finishes are popular for wall tiles, shower tiles, entryways, and anywhere else you might want a special texture without polish.

Flamed

For exterior floors or architectural elements, you may choose flamed stone for a rough texture. Stone flaming is performed at the factory, as it involves torching the stone at extremely high temperatures. We strongly recommend sealing flamed stone frequently to protect it from moisture damage and other issues.

Sand-Blasted or Shot-Blasted

These finishes begin at the factory where the stone gets textured by sandblasting, or sometimes shot-blasting with nutshells or other materials. The process creates rougher, more natural textures that are best suited to outdoor or decorative uses. As with flamed stone, shot-blasted or sandblasted stone needs some regular care and sealing to avoid stains.

Stone Polishing and Restoration in Charlotte, NC

We can correct issues such as etching, cracks, and discolorations, or even change a stone surface from honed to polished. Let us know what you want out of your stone’s look, feel, and maintenance requirements, and Sandifer’s Stone and Tile Care can help. Call 704-659-0548 or request a free estimate for stone restoration in the Charlotte, NC area.